Cooking gas from kitchen waste

Left over food and vegetable waste discarded in a dump near our apartment complex raise a stink. Apartment residents hold their breath; and curse the municipal waste disposal staff, as they pass by the roadside dump. We could do something about it, if only we are so inclined, thanks to the work done by Pune-based Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI) in developing a household biogas plant that feeds on our kitchen waste. 

gasplantLeftover food, flour, vegetable waste, ripened fruit can be turned into methane in 24 hours. ARTI-designed biogas plant, the size of a domestic refrigerator, can be fixed on the terrace or one’s backyard, exposed to the sun and heat. As cooking gas methane burns without producing smoke or soot. ARTI- sponsored fabrication unit is reported to have installed over 3,000 household gas plants in Pune and elsewhere in the country. 

 

It is reckoned that 2 kg of kitchen waste can produce 500 g of methane. The garbage dump that holds wastes from 60 apartments in my complex can cut down their cooking gas bill. And the solid residue from the biogas plant would make good fertilizer that can used in our back garden.

 

Municipal authorities would welcome such citizen initiative on waste disposal. We don’t waste old newspapers. In most households women hold old clothes, plastic containers and even old footwear to be traded for kitchen vessels. Now, ARTI biogas plant can take care of our food and vegetable wastes as well. At Pune, they say, the city municipal council encourages people to set up backyard biogas plants. A demo plant at the municipal office fuels a gas stove for making tea to the staff and visitors.

 

Office canteens and restaurants, buying LPG at commercial rate, are natural candidates for the kitchen waste gas plant. The technology has been tried and tested. It has yet to be trusted by business promoters and a critical mass of middle-class households. For more info. e-mail samuchit.envirotech@gmail.com

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42 Responses

  1. I agree with you and also wonder how entrepreneurs missed out – this is where viability doubt arises – it is not at all difficult to find out what is happening in Pune [ or anywhere else] and how do they make it work financially etc..If necessary one can even subsidise the first 100 units and go on until the idea catches on.
    A similar bio-gas plant idea from public toilets has been suggested almost 2 decades ago, and it is working [it seems] in many hostels and villages for years.
    Instead of leaving it to middle class to do lip service, I would suggest some business cum socially minded group start in a compact slum area – if someone does start, I would further suggest that the gas so generated could be used by the Enterprise itself to generate hot water facility which Will help the slum dwellers in reducing their fuel bill and their craze to cut down barks from living trees for fuel [ and such other un-eco-friendly acts]
    While we are discussing the subject , too much paper and lung power are wasted on preaching to house owners about rain water harvesting-why don’t we go down the social ladder and solve water problem at least for washing purposes – why do we always think of ‘owners ‘ of houses to make and own collection systems and collected water. Can’t a new kind of business evolve wherein any roof [ that of say a school;, temple. common community hall .. ] could be the source of water and it could be stored anywhere nearby and to be used by any user [ for a small fee to keep the good work going] ?
    if there are no buyers for the suggestion on RWH [ rain water harvest] , the business co-op itself could combine a solar heating unit and this RWH unit , then it could sell hot water which I’m sure will be a reasonable success in slum areas.

  2. GVK has done well by drawing our attention to the practicality of bio-gas plants based on domestic wastes. Our society needs to tap such renewable and benign energy sources on a large scale instead of mindless addition of power plants based on fossil fuel or large dams. After IPCC has produced the unamibiguous and irrefutable scientific evidence of Global Warming because of unlimited burning of fossil fuels and other anthropogenic causes, we are left with no other alternative but to adopt such credible alternatives.
    Rainwater harvesting is another such simple, time tested and novel way of living in harmony with the nature. It will not only reduce the unsustainable pressure of public water reticulation system, but will also reduce the demand for electricity.
    While building a small but dream home at a semi-rural area in Shivamoga district I am trying to adopt some of these sustainable practices. For the information of those who are inclined to consider them I provide a brief description:
    1. Though I live very close to river Tunga in a rich rainfall area I am going for a rainwater harvesting practice. I plan to build a tank of 50-60 Kilo Litre below the sit-out in front of the house and collect rainwater for use during off-rainy season; during rainy season to use as much of rain water as feasible. I also plan to drain as much of rain water as possible into the ground within my premises.
    2. I will have solar water heating panels and solar photo-voltaic panels for all the electricity needs of the house; supply from the grid to be kept only as a back up for one or two years, until I get a first hand information on the availability of adequate sun energy during rainy season. Once I am satisfied with the main source of electrical energy from Sun, I propose to disconnect the grid supply. The technology is also available to tap both the wind and sun light to generate electricity for all the needs of a house. Since my house is in a valley I may have to do wind mapping to determine the strength and reliability of wind energy.
    3.As GVK has mentioned I also propose to set up a bio-gas plant not only to make use of the domestic waste but also to use the bio-mass available from my tidy garden.
    Most of the house holds and small/medium commercial enterprises, even in urban areas, can consider these and many such sustainable practices. I shall be happy to share my experience in few months’ time when these facilities will be operational.

  3. Here’s a link to a remarkable architect – Chitra Vishwanath. (Shankar Sharma might find it useful) http://www.inika.com/chitra/

    Chitra specializes in eco-friendly architecture.

  4. There are many such modern environment friendly methods, which need to be popularised. They need the backing of the conventional entrepreneurs. Hopefully, before it is too late, these alternative methods will become the norm.

  5. sir
    I wish to try methane gas + HHO gas combined to cook food lighting. is it possibele. HHO gas is beining used to run car with fossil fuel why not use metahna and HHO gas for cooking. kindly advise dear sir!
    krishna
    bangalore

  6. iam much pleased about such a thing because as a practising environmental engineer its prety good since our main aim is to secure the environment we live in. i will be very gratfull if u can send me moren details on how this works in terms of the materials needed. ilook forward to seeing this an internetional reality. Thanks.

  7. Bilt grphic Paper product is a one of the largest paper idustry, we generated 1000 kgs of kitchen waste daily in our canteen and colony.We get lot of problem for domping of this waste , so we planed to instal a kitchen waste based biogas plant at beside canteen . Witch is useful to canteen and helthy environment. Please send design detail and quotation for 1 tone capacity . This is arjent requried.

    Thanking you

    Regard,

    K.Narasimha
    Environmental Engineer
    E-mail: epc_bhg@bilt.com Or rohan_nrpt@rediffmail.com
    Bilt graphic paper products limited.,
    Unit Bhigvan ,
    Pune.

  8. Feel good to read this article. Renewal source of energy is good in every way. The main reason why govt is forced not to start mass implementation of this is because, this is much cheaper than what is made from fossil fuels(in terms of commission and other side bys).

    Only good way is to split the mass implementation to nuclear implementation in every home or flat or villas and break the concept. Any way, i find this as a good start to care our own as well as neighborers health.

  9. Sir,
    i want full details about, how to produce Kitchen
    waste biogas. so plz help me in this regard
    Thank You
    yours truely
    surya

  10. Dear Mr Nayak, We have no further info. other than that found in the URL link to ARTI Pune , given in the above post.
    You may try contacting them here –
    http://www.arti-india.org/component/option,com_contact/Itemid,3/

  11. Global warming isn’t something people think about each day, nor do they see how it directly affects them. Your report could
    provide your viewers with tangible evidence about global warming and will have more incentive to do something about it.
    Here is how the report could work. You would show a global satellite image of the world. In order to maximize the effect of the

  12. Carbon Footprint is a measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured

    A few quick ways to reduce your personal carbon footprint: employ eco-friendly methods of travel, eat, minimize use of plastic products and save electricity, water, paper and use of non-toxic alternatives

  13. Here’s a link to a remarkable architect – Chitra Vishwanath. (Shankar Sharma might find it useful) http://www.inika.com/chitra/

    Chitra specializes in eco-friendly architecture.

  14. Here’s a link to a remarkable architect – Chitra Vishwanath. (Shankar Sharma might find it useful) ecofriendly architects
    Chitra specializes in eco-friendly architecture.

  15. please send your literature as we are keenly interested in your project
    our address is as under :

    Bharat Padia
    One Window
    B-8, FF,
    Parsi Pachayat Complex,
    Jashoda Nagar Cross Road,
    Ahmedabad – 382445.
    Contact Number : ( Mobile ) 09375850324

  16. dear sir
    i need full details about how to produce biogas from kitchen waste as i want it for my coll. mess.

    Kindly mail me the entire details

    Thanking You

  17. Sir,
    ever since i’ve heard about this from an aquaintance i’ve been intrigued by the idea of generating cooking gas from daily waste decomposable matter available in abundance in every home. it is not really the cooking gas per se but the way of disposing waste matter from our homes into something beneficial and ofcourse keeping our environment clean and green.
    i’d appreciate more info and maybe even a demonstration at some convenient place. well i’m domiciled in bhutan. something can be worked out i’m sure.
    i wait in anticipation.
    karma

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  19. dear sir i want to know detail about how to biogas production from kitchen waste in lab condation….plz give me some information about this……. this is my desartation work…msc environmental science

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  21. I would like to know more about this biogas plant for kitchen waste. Please give me the right contact to my following email. Thank you.

  22. I want to built my own biogas plant.’
    Purpose –for my home cooking gas .
    What is the procedure and material required for it.
    I am a science student . So I want to advertise the use of biogas in my village . So tell me home made simple way to make it.

  23. Update from Samuchit Enviro Tech – We now supply a plumbing kit required to build your own biogas plant based on your household waste. The kit consists of all piping and other plumbing materials, a single burner biogas stove, and a video CD showing the step by step process of building your own plant. You need to purchase locally two water storage tanks – the diameter of the smaller gas holder tank should be 5-10 cm less than the larger digester tank – and a plastic pipe to use as gas pipe. Anyone with a rudimentary knowledge of plumbing can follow the instruction from the video and build their own plant. However, if assistance is required, we can send an installer if his costs are borne.

    Please visit http://www.samuchit.com or
    contact samuchit.envirotech@gmail.com.

    Thank you to everyone!

  24. ammazing this is one off cutting the inflation and garbage area. Plz suggest how install or buy this i am from ulhasnagar.

  25. Here is info about another source for domestic waste processing equipment (1. home composter and 2.biogas plant) – http://www.green-ensys.org/site/what_is_homecomposting.html, and http://www.green-ensys.org/site/Biogas_Plant.html

    Kerala -esp the capital city faces acute waste disposal issues, and needs action on war footing…

  26. we wish to request for collaboration with you by advicing us further on the biogas kitchen project, we intend to use your help to create employment and affordable cooking energy.

  27. please send your person to my institute Nature Cure Hospital, Beach Road, Maharanipeta, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh for installation of your unit at our centre. Phone No. 92246621846

  28. I am much interest to have one such plant. but no body is their to assist. as my experience I visited so many exibition t o view but not to adopt. hence this is my requests.

  29. I want to know more about bioga plant fom kitchen wastes..

  30. I am very much happy with this….. because even i am planning to setup such kind of plant for my dad’s mess ….. as now a days getting commercial gas has been a big bane to all the restaurant people….. I will be very happy if i get lots more info regarding the initiative cost and planof the plant

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